mixture


mixture
mixture, admixture, blend, compound, composite, amalgam denote a product formed by the combination of two or more things.
Mixture is the most inclusive and most widely applicable term; it has, however, many specific applications; thus, a fabric made by interweaving yarns of different colors is a mixture; a pipe tobacco in which several varieties are combined to give a particular flavor or quality is a smoking mixture. The word often implies miscellaneousness
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"society" in a small town is very much of a mixture

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Admixture adds to mixture the suggestion of the alien character of one or more of the constituent elements
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the admixture of coffee with roasted and ground cereals or other inert adulterants— Encyc. Americana

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Blend, on the contrary, adds to mixture the implication of thorough mingling of usually similar or congruous elements or ingredients. Like admixture, it implies that the product is not pure or simple but, unlike it, it usually suggests harmony or complete integration
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a curious blend of humility and irony— T. S. Eliot

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unorthodox was the blend of executive responsibility, legislative power and financial control— Buchan

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Blend is applied in commerce to mixed whiskeys, teas, coffees, or tobaccos to indicate that a new product has been formed that combines the flavors of several varieties of the basic thing and that the products contain no other substance than such varieties.
Compound usually implies the union of two or more distinguishable or analyzable parts, elements, or ingredients
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it was not fear, it was not ardor,—it was a compound of both— Scott

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rare compound of oddity, frolic, and fun— Goldsmith

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In its technical senses compound is definitely restricted in application. In chemistry a compound is a distinct substance formed by a union of two or more elements or radicals in definite proportions by weight
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water is a compound of oxygen and hydrogen

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As applied to words, a compound is a word or group of word elements which is formed of recognizable parts but has a distinct sense often not inferable from the meanings of its component parts. A compound may be written solid (as blackboard), hyphenated (as long-distance), or open (as all right).
Composite is often interchangeable with compound in its general sense, but there is a tendency to prefer composite when the constituent parts are artificially or fortuitously combined
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the American people is a composite of many races

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the opinions of America are formed from the composite of the voices of America, official and unofficial, true and false— A. E. Stevenson

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An amalgam is basically an alloy made by adding mercury to a metal; the term is particularly applicable to such alloys that are intended for use in dental restoration, usually contain several metals in addition to mercury, and set into a firm mass after a relatively brief period of time. In its extended use amalgam may draw on the notion of complexity of mixture
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one's judgment is inevitably an amalgam of impressions of the work and impressions of the man— T. S. Eliot

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or it may stress the hardening into final form
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a mixture of affection and contempt, which later days hardened into an amalgam of generosity and sadism— Wecter

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Analogous words: joining, combining, uniting (see JOIN)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • mixture — [ mikstyr ] n. f. • 1560, rare av. XIXe; misture 1190; lat. mixtura 1 ♦ Didact. Mélange de plusieurs substances chimiques, pharmaceutiques, généralement liquides. ⇒ mélange, mixtion. 2 ♦ Cour. Mélange comestible (boisson ou aliment) dont on… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mixture — (orgue) Les mixtures sont des jeux d orgue dits composés car ils sont constitués de plusieurs rangs de tuyaux accordés en octaves et en quintes. Ce sont les mixtures qui fournissent le son si caractéristique de l orgue, celui du Plein Jeu ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mixture — Mix ture, n. [L. mixtura, fr. miscere, mixtum, to mix: cf. F. mixture. See {Mix}.] 1. The act of mixing, or the state of being mixed; as, made by a mixture of ingredients. Hooker. [1913 Webster] 2. That which results from mixing different… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mixture? — Studio album by Relative Silence Released February 2002 Recorded December 2001 January 2002 Genre P …   Wikipedia

  • mixture — ► NOUN 1) a substance made by mixing other substances together. 2) (a mixture of) a combination of different things in which the components are individually distinct. 3) the charge of gas or vapour mixed with air admitted to the cylinder of an… …   English terms dictionary

  • mixture — index coalescence, coalition, consolidation, diversity, incorporation (blend), melange, merger, solution …   Law dictionary

  • mixture — (n.) early 15c., from O.Fr. misture and directly from L. mixtura a mixing, from mixtus (see MIX (Cf. mix) (v.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • mixture — [miks′chər] n. [LME < L mixtura < mixtus: see MIX] 1. a mixing or being mixed 2. something made by mixing; esp., a) a combination of ingredients, kinds, etc. b) a yarn or fabric made of two or more different fibers, often of different… …   English World dictionary

  • Mixture — For other uses, see Mix (disambiguation). In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up by two or more different substances which are mixed together but are not combined chemically. Mixture refers to the physical combination of two or more …   Wikipedia

  • Mixture — (Roget s Thesaurus) >Forming a whole without coherence. < N PARAG:Mixture >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 mixture mixture admixture commixture commixtion Sgm: N 1 commixion commixion intermixture alloyage matrimony Sgm: N 1 junction jun …   English dictionary for students


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